Fossil Fuel Vs. Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Cost

Despite its rising cost, gasoline is still a much cheaper fuel than the hydrogen that FCVs run on. This is because FCVs are first-generation and still not ready for the market.

Range

Because of their small fuel capacity, FCVs do not have the operating range of traditional vehicles.

Efficiency

Fuel cells are more chemically efficient than fossil fuel engines mainly because of the chemical reaction that produces energy in a fuel cell. According to Fueleconomy.gov, traditional engines only convert 20 percent of the energy stored in gasoline.

Availability

FCVs are in their early development stages and are not ready for mass production. But traditional vehicles that run on gasoline have been around for decades, making them cheap to manufacture and easy to buy.

Pollution

The polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) in an FCV makes electricity out of hydrogen and oxygen. The only byproducts are water and heat, unlike fossil fuels which generate carbon dioxide. Traditional vehicles that run on fossil fuels are inefficient and environmentally unfriendly. Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), on the other hand, produce little to no pollution and can power more electronic components. But despite these facts, traditional vehicles are still less costly than FCVs and are more readily available.