How to Detect a Vacuum Leak in a Motorcyle Brake Line

1.

Wipe the brake lines clean of all dirt and debris with a paper towel. As you clean the lines, examine them carefully. A cracked or worn line (from rubbing against the frame) needs to be replaced. It only takes a tiny opening in the casing to create enough of a vacuum leak to make your brakes not work properly. If a line is old, or if it is showing signs of sun damage (a whitening and hardening of the plastic or rubber hose covering) then you should replace it.

2.

Clean off the two hydraulic fittings at either end of the motorcycle brake line. One fitting is attached to the brake fluid reservoir and the other enters the actual brake on the wheel. Some motorcycles have a separate brake fluid reservoir for each brake line. The fitting is broken down into three parts: the flare that is inserted into the receiving connector, the locking nut (with a threaded nipple) and a metal crimp holder (which is machine-pressed onto the hose).

3.

Put a few drops of liquid dish soap on where the fitting enters the brake or the reservoir, and directly behind the lock nut on the fitting where the metal crimp holder begins. Then put few drops where the metal crimp holder of the fitting ends and the hose begins. Use your finger to smooth the soap completely around these areas.

4.

Engage the brake by pressing the lever or pedal (depending on which brake line you are trying to detect the vacuum leak in). Pump the brake several times. While you do this, look at where you placed the soap on the fittings and hose. A vacuum leak will make the soap coating bubble. Once you see the bubble, you have found your vacuum leak.

Tips and Warnings

  • If the soap bubble is located where the fitting enters the brake or reservoir, remove the fitting and reconnect it. Re-installing it should fix your vacuum leak. If your leak is at the nut or on the beginning of the metal crimped holder, tighten the fitting again. The fitting has begun to "unscrew" from the vibration of riding and has created your vacuum leak. If your soap is bubbling where the metal crimp holder ends and the brake line begins, remove and replace the brake line. The hydraulic fitting has failed and is creating your vacuum leak.
  • Do not operate a motorcycle with vacuum leak in the brake line, even if it only seems to be affecting the operation of one of the brakes. Doing so can increase your accident risk, as having both brakes operating is a key feature to stopping your motorcycle safely. One brake will not do it.
  • If the brakes on your motorcycle are not responding when you press the pedal or trigger the hand lever, then you have a vacuum leak somewhere in the brake line. Trying to detect a vacuum leak in a motorcycle brake line can be frustrating if you do not know the process to eliminate possible locations and an old school trick to make it easier to spot. There are three main causes of a vacuum leak in the brake line.